What is Rheumatoid Arthritis? (Part 1 of 4) | HealthiNation – Medical Informer Video

Learn about the causes and risk factors of Rheumatoid Arthritis. Related Videos: What is Rheumatoid Arthritis? (Part 1 of 4) | HealthiNation www.youtube.com Diagnosing Rheumatoid Arthritis (Part 2 of 4) | HealthiNation www.youtube.com Treating Rheumatoid Arthritis Pain (Part 3 of 4) | HealthiNation www.youtube.com True Life Story: Rheumatoid Arthritis (Part 4 of 4) | HealthiNation www.youtube.com TRANSCRIPT: What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis? Rheumatoid Arthritis, or RA, is an auto-immune disease. It develops when your own immune system attacks healthy parts of the body, like your joints, causing pain and swelling. It differs from osteoarthritis, which is the natural degeneration of joints and surrounding tissue when we age. What Happens in RA? When rheumatoid arthritis strikes, cells from your immune system attack the lining of the joint, which is called the synovium. This attack causes the lining to become inflamed, and swollen. Over time, the lining and other parts of the joint will thicken and lose their natural shape and alignment. If the joint loses its shape, it can become painful and difficult to move. For some people, the pain may come and go. These periods of pain are called flare ups. But, rheumatoid arthritis doesn’t just affect the joints. The immune system may also attack muscles, ligaments and organs like the eyes and heart. Risk Factors for RA RA affects one out of a hundred people. It is not known what triggers the immune system to attack the joints, leading

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